ADVERSE EFFECTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE ON POPULATION HEALTH IN ARMENIA
Background and Objective:
Human beings are adapted to the climate in which they live. However during last decade the climate change in our region shows obvious impact on local weather. The annual mean temperatures over Armenia between 1935 and 2012 reveal an increase by 1.030C. Starting from 1994, Armenia is experiencing persistent positive anomalies of summer average temperatures. The trend varies for different seasons for example summer temperatures have increased significantly by 1.20C. Increase of temperature and decrease of precipitation affect human health both directly and indirectly creating favorable conditions for reproduction and development pathogenic organisms, insect vectors, carriers of infection diseases, increase of their number and area. The objective of the task is the assessment and analyses of the situation with current climate warming in Armenia as well as forecast the global warming impact on human health in our region.
Compilation, systematization, analyses and study of the materials on human health as well as cooperation with some scientific and health organizations. Development of the informational and public awareness materials. Informational campaigns for mitigation of climate change induced health risks on population.
Human health in Armenia is vulnerable to some investigated groups of illnesses and regions. In particular there is a direct dependence between water borne diseases and surrounding temperature as well as quality of water and food. Cases of intestinal diseases with unknown etiology recently have increased in Armenia. There is also increase of allergic and cardiovascular mortality and morbidity case increase in correlation with heat waves frequency and duration increase
Awareness rising on the possible impacts and development of the preventive strategy can be the most cost effective and efficient way for population and health system for the country with limited funds for tackling the possible consequences. In this regard the “Khazer” NGO projects aimed at increasing public awareness on climate change and climate variability health risks though educational programs and publications, seminars covering different groups of population mainly in rural areas. Thus the study evaluates that there is recognition of the risk of currently observed climate variability and significant average warming, which indicates that current trends can impose health risk for current and future generations. The important aspect for such risk reduction can be development and propagation of precautionary policies to plan for measures, strategies and policies to mitigate the climate change risks, review the social, economic and technical prevention, mitigation and adaptation options available to reduce the potential adverse impact of climate change on human health.
"Khazer" Ecological and Cultural NGO
38 Saryan st, apt 27, Yerevan 0002, Armenia
Contribution proposed for: oral presentation